Armenia is a unitary, multi-party, democratic nation-state with an ancient cultural heritage.
Urartu was established in 860 BC and by the 6th century BC it was replaced by the Satrapy of Armenia.
on the "Armenian Highlands", it is bordered by Turkey to the west, Georgia to the north, the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic and Azerbaijan to the east, and Iran and Azerbaijan's exclave of Nakhchivan to the south.
The Republic of Armenia constitutes only one-tenth of historical Armenia.
By 1920, the state was incorporated into the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, and in 1922 became a founding member of the Soviet Union.
In 1936, the Transcaucasian state was dissolved, transforming its constituent states, including the Armenian Soviet Socialist Republic, into full Union republics.
In the 1st century BC the Kingdom of Armenia reached its height under Tigranes the Great.
Armenia became the first state in the world to adopt Christianity as its official religion.The kingdom became fully sovereign from the sphere of influence of the Seleucid Empire in 190 BC under King Artaxias I and begun the rule of the Artaxiad dynasty.Armenia reached its height between 95 and 66 BC under Tigranes the Great, becoming the most powerful kingdom of its time east of the Roman Republic.Armenia lies in the highlands surrounding the mountains of Ararat.There is evidence of an early civilisation in Armenia in the Bronze Age and earlier, dating to about 4000 BC.Armenia supports the de facto independent Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, which was proclaimed in 1991.