Crete, however, is a very large island, which raised the question of where to look for the pre-Neolithic.
We searched for habitats that were preferred by foragers and that could also preserve their artifacts.
Here we present the artifact assemblages and the details of their geological context and dating.
In 2008 we found the Stone Age artifacts, so in 2009 we devoted much of the season to conducting geological analysis to provide datable contexts, and we have a of more than one hundred thousand years B. We conclude with a brief description of our findings of an excavation at a Mesolithic site.
The first is to continue an excavation of a Mesolithic site (Damnoni Excavation) and the second is intensive geological research to acquire absolute dates for the Palaeolithic artifacts found in the area.
This is a continuous research project that is exposing dramatic new light on the earliest hominid history on Crete.
The goal is to fund further archaeological and geological research into these early phases of prehistory in the region.
Presently the project’s research focus has two goals.
The local chert nodules are probably far too small for the large tools made in the Lower Palaeolithic.
A microlithic industry was found on 20 sites and shares reduction techniques and morphological types with the Mesolithic industries from excavated sites like Franchthi Cave and Klisoura Cave 1 in the Argolid, Theopetra Cave in Thessaly, Sidari on Corfu, and Maroulas on Kythnos.
This Greek-American collaborative project funds research on the Stone Age discoveries around the village of Plakias in southwest Crete (Greece).
It began in 2008 with the Plakias Mesolithic Survey where both Mesolithic (11,000– 9000 B.
Among the tools the most common types are microliths, end scrapers, notches, denticulates, truncations, borers and combination tools.