The governing body of hockey is the International Hockey Federation (FIH, in French), with men and women being represented internationally in competitions including the Olympic Games, World Cup, World League, Champions Trophy and Junior World Cup, with many countries running extensive junior, senior, and masters club competitions.
The game can be played on a grass field or a turf field as well as an indoor board surface.
Each team plays with eleven players, including the goalie.
It was dropped in 1924, leading to the foundation of the Fédération Internationale de Hockey sur Gazon (FIH) as an international governing body by seven continental European nations; and hockey was reinstated as an Olympic sport in 1928. The two oldest trophies are the Irish Senior Cup, which dates back to 1894, and the Irish Junior Cup, a second XI-only competition In the early 1970s, artificial turf began to be used.
Synthetic pitches changed most aspects of field hockey, gaining speed.
The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, and the word 'hockey' remains of unknown origin.
The modern sport grew from English public schools in the early 19th century.
A popular variant of field hockey is indoor field hockey, which differs in a number of respects while embodying the primary principles of hockey.
Indoor hockey is a 5-a-side variant, with a field which is reduced to approximately 40 m × 20 m (131 ft × 66 ft).
The first club was in 1849 at Blackheath in south-east London, but the modern rules grew out of a version played by Middlesex cricket clubs for winter sport.