For most scholars, Q accounts for what Matthew and Luke share — sometimes in exactly the same words — but that are absent in Mark.
Examples are the Devil's three temptations of Jesus, the Beatitudes, the Lord's Prayer, and many individual sayings.
In The Four Gospels: A Study of Origins (1924), Burnett Hillman Streeter argued that a third hypothetical source, referred to as M, lies behind the material in Matthew that has no parallel in Mark or Luke.
And some material present only in Luke might have come from an also unknown L source.
But Matthew and Luke also share large sections of text not found in Mark.
They suggested that neither Gospel drew upon the other, but upon a second common source, termed Q.
Whether you’re looking for love locally or internationally, we bring Japan to you no matter where in the world you may be.
As a leading Japanese dating site, we successfully bring together Japanese singles from around the world to meet their ideal match.
(M material is represented by green in the above chart, and L by blue.) Throughout the remainder of the 20th century, there were various challenges and refinements of Streeter's hypothesis.
For example, in his 1953 book The Gospel Before Mark, Pierson Parker posited an early version of Matthew (Aramaic M or proto-Matthew) as the primary source.
Q was conceived as the most likely explanation behind the common material (mostly sayings) found in the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke but not in Mark., meaning "source") is a hypothetical written collection of Jesus' sayings (logia).
Q is part of the common material found in the Gospels of Matthew and Luke but not in the Gospel of Mark. Streeter formulated a widely accepted view of Q: that it was written in Koine Greek; that most of its contents appear in Matthew, in Luke, or in both; and that Luke more often preserves the text's original order than Matthew.
According to this hypothesis, this material was drawn from the early Church's Oral Tradition. In the two-source hypothesis, the three-source hypothesis and the Q /Papias hypothesis Matthew and Luke both used Mark and Q as sources.