IAD was originally proposed as a disorder in a satirical hoax by Ivan Goldberg, M.
It is not just the amount of time spent on the Internet that puts an adolescent at risk; how the time is spent is also an important consideration.
The impulsive use construct describes an inability to maintain balance or control of internet use in relation to everyday life.
Also labeled in the DSM-5 Section III as the Internet Gaming Disorder.
Section III is where issues that need further reasurch and studies are published before it can have an official section in the DSM-5.
However Internet gaming disorder is listed in Section III, Conditions for Further Study, as a disorder requiring further study. Thompson was a Mc Nair Scholar who began his empirical Internet addiction research in 1995 with focus on the mass media effects of the Internet on society.
Thompson's research, also evaluating dependency, was presented at the Mc Nair Conference at SUNY Buffalo, and at the Penn State Mc Nair Conference in 1996.
While Thompson's study abstract was accepted at the annual Association for Education in Mass Communication and Journalism Convention in Chicago in 1997, the research was not formally presented due to non-attendance.
Since there was no available statistical tool for determining addiction at the Internet level in 1995, Thompson created a repurposed CAGE model for alcohol addiction to apply in Internet addiction with the first online Internet addiction survey questionnaire called Mc Survey, referencing his Mc Nair research scholar status therein.
The addictive stimulus associated with an 'Internet addiction' is technically a rewarding and reinforcing stimulus which is transmitted via the internet, as opposed to exposure or access to the Internet itself; hence, "Internet addiction" is a misnomer. With the use of newer technology such as tablet computers and smartphones, users can go to the bathroom or another private place to engage with the Internet, without others knowing about it. Internet users often get an excited feeling of a 'rush' or a "buzz" that they get when winning an online auction, a video game or online gambling.
There are a variety of stimuli online that users could be addicted to rather than the Internet itself, which include communication, gaming, shopping, cyber-relations and anonymity, and so it is argued that users 'just use the Internet excessively as a medium to fuel other addictions.' A study carried out by Young discovered that over half of people considered 'Internet-dependent' were new users of the Internet, and are therefore more 'inclined' to use to the Internet regularly. Gambling, gaming and online bidding all provide positive feedback that can result in addictive behaviour.
While Thompson never conducted another formal quantitative study on Internet addiction, Thompson updated his seminal Internet addiction research 15 years later with a formal plenary presentation at the First International Forum on Media and Information Literacy held at Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in Fez, Morocco in 2011, where he was an informal contributor to UNESCO's Declaration on Media and Information Literacy adopted by Fez International Forum.